Web Design References: Accessibility

Web Design References: Accessibility


(Skip Page Index) Page Index:

Abbreviations & Acronyms

Accessibility Statements


Assistive Technology

Benefits (Why accessibility?)


CAPTCHA (Completely Automated Public Turing
test to tell Computers and Humans Apart).


Check Lists

Cognitive Disabilities


Definitions and Overviews

Device Independence and Graceful





Higher Ed

Keyboard Accessibility


Law, Lawsuits, Policies

  1. Blind Students Sue BarBri, Demand Equal Access to Bar Prep Services – Washington Lawyers’ Committee
  2. Blind Law Students File Suit Against Dallas Bar Exam Prep Company – Natalie Posgate
  3. BarBri, Inc Settles Over Claims of Discrimination – Amanda Griffin
  4. BarBri Settles Lawsuit Over Blind Access to Online Bar Review Components – Tyler Roberts
  • Beacon
  • BECU Shows ADA Disputes Don’t Have to be Acrimonious – Michael Bartlett
  • Blick Art Materials
  • Brooklyn Brewery
  • Burger King
  • California
  • Canadian Government
  • Capella University/WebCT (La Marca v. Capella
  • Carnival
  • Chanhassen
  • Case Western Reserve University
  • Cedar Rapids, Iowa Settlement Agreement
  • Charles Schwab
  • Charlotte County to Pay $10,500 Over ADA Lawsuit; Make Website More Accessible – Andrea Praegitzer
  • Chaves County, New Mexico Settlement Agreement
  • Champaign County, Illinois Settlement Agreement
  • Coles
  • Colorado Bag & Baggage
  • College Websites Must Accommodate Disabled Students, Lawsuits Say – Vivian Wang
  • Compass Slapped with Lawsuit Over Website Access for the Blind – Teke Wiggin
  • Congress Votes For Better Government Websites, Digital Services – nextgov
  • Court Says Settlement Agreement Does Not Bar Later Website Accessibility Lawsuit by a Different Plaintiff
  • Davidson Academy of Nevada
  • Denny’s
  • DeKalb, Illinois, Settlement Agreement
  • Department of Justice
  • Digital Accessibility Legal
  • Disney
  • DOE Rescinds ‘Mass Filer’ Rule, Reopening Door for Web Accessibility Complaints – C.P. Hoffman
  • Domino’s
  • Dunkin’ Donuts
  • Education Department
  • Everglades College
  • E*Trade Digital Accessibility Settlement Agreement – The Office of Lainey Feingold
  • Fallon, Nevada Settlement Agreement
  • FedEx
  • Feds Prod Universities to Address Website Accessibility Complaints – Lindsay McKenzie
  • Finlandia University
  • Five Guys
  • Florida State University
  • For the First Time, Norwegian IT Authorities Provide Daily Fines for Poorly Designed Websites – NRK
  • Fordham University
  • Galveston County, Texas Settlement Agreement
  • George Washington University
  • General Nutrition Corporation (GNC)
  • General Services Administration (GSA)
  • Glossier
  • Google Litigation
    (also see Google Accessibility)
  • Granite School District
  • Grassley, Senators Seek Updates & Further Action on Justice Department Efforts to Clarify Website Accessibility Under ADA – Chuck Grassley
  • Greyhound
  • Guam Department of Education
  • Hallandale Beach, Florida
  • Harvard
  • Hernando County Set to Settle Website accessibility Lawsuit, One in a Wave Filed by Prolific Plaintiffs – Jack Evans
  • H&R Block
  • Hershey Entertainment & Resorts Co.
  • Blind Man Alleges Hershey Entertainment & Resorts’ Website Isn’t Compatible with Screen-Reading Software – Carrie Bradon
  • Hobby Lobby
  • Homeland Security
  • Holy Cross
  • Hooters
  • How a Web Accessibility Lawsuit is Created and Settled – Sofia Enamorado
  • HSBC Card Services
  • Hulu
  • Humboldt County
  • Isle of Palms, South Carolina Settlement Agreement
  • IT Accessibility Risk Statements and Evidence by Topic – Laura Carlson
  • JetBlue
  • Juneau School District
  • Kroger
  • Legal Settlement Agreements that Reference WCAG 2.0 – Laura Carlson
  • Los Angeles Community College District
  • Louisiana Tech University
  • Law School Admissions Council (LSAC)
  • Los Angeles Community College District
  • Lumpkin County, Georgia Settlement Agreement
  • Madison County, New York Settlement Agreement
  • Massachusetts Eye and Ear
  • Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT)
  • McDonald’s
  • McLennan County
  • McNeese State University
  • Mesa Community College and Maricopa
  • Merced County, California Settlement Agreement
  • Miami, (City of)
  • Miami-Dade County Public Schools
  • Miami Heat
  • Miami University (Ohio)
  • Major League Baseball (MLB)
  • Martin v. MARTA (Metropolitan Atlanta Rapid
    Transit Authority)
  • Midvale Corporation
  • Milwaukee, Wisconsin
  • Montana School for the Deaf and Blind
  • More Than 75 New York Galleries Are Slammed With Lawsuits for Allegedly Violating the Americans With Disabilities Act – Eileen Kinsella
  • Motley Fool
  • Morgan Stanley
  • Netflix
  • Nevada Department of Education
  • Nine Credit Unions Sued Over Website Accessibility, States Credit Union Times – Tina Orem
  • North Carolina State University
  • New York University
  • None of the 2020 Presidential Candidates’ Websites Are Fully Accessible to Disabled Voters – Abigail Abrams
  • Northeastern University
  • Northwestern University
  • Norwood Young America
  • Nueces County, Texas
  • Ohio Secretary of State
  • Ohio State
  • Oklahoma
  • Oracle
  • Oregon Department of Education
  • Orange County
  • Parkwood Entertainment
  • Peapod
  • Pace University
  • Patagonia
  • Parowan, Utah Settlement Agreement
  • Pennington County, South Dakota Settlement Agreement
  • Penn State University
  • Playboy.com Sued by Blind Man Who Says He Can’t Fully ‘Enjoy’ the Website – Tim Kenneally
  • Pokémon
  • Princeton University
  • President Trump Signs 21st Century IDEA into Law – Tajha Chappellet-Lanier
  • Purple
  • Reebok
  • Reed College
  • Red Roof Inn
  • Renewed Web and Physical Accessibility Congressional Efforts an Exercise in Futility? – Minh N. Vu and Kristina M. Launey
  • Rochester Institute of Technology
  • Robeson County, North Carolina Settlement Agreement
  • Ruidoso, New Mexico Settlement Agreement
  • Safeway
  • Saint Rose
  • San Francisco Federal Credit Union
  • Santa Fe Public Schools
  • Scribd
  • Schools, Colleges Targeted for Websites’ Alleged Inaccessibility to the Blind – Scott O’Connell
  • Seattle Public Schools
  • Senate Members Ask DOJ to Take Action as Number of Website Accessibility Lawsuits Continues to Rise – Bryan Cave Leighton Paisner LLP
  • Senators Write DOJ Sharing CUNA Concerns Over ADA, Websites – Credit Union National Association (CUNA)
  • Settlements Reached in Seven States, One Territory to Ensure Website Accessibility for People with Disabilities
    By Department of Education, Office for Civil Rights
  • Scandinavian Airlines System Consent Order (PDF) – United States Department of Transportation
  • South Carolina Technical College System
  • Spate of Web-Accessibility Suits Filed in New York – Lindsay McKenzie
  • Southwest Airlines (Robert Gumson v. Southwest
    Airlines and Access Now v. Southwest Airlines)
  • Sydney Olympics (Bruce Maguire v. Sydney
    Organizing Committee for the Olympic Games [SOCOG])
  • Sweetgreen
  • Target (National Federation of the Blind v.
  • Taco Bell
  • Teachers Test Prep (TTP)
  • Technology, Equality, and Accessibility in College and Higher Education Act (TEACH) Act
  • TD Ameritrade
  • The Legal Picture for Web Accessibility in 2019 – Joseph C. Dolson
  • This Blind Athlete has Filed 164 ADA Lawsuits – Jane Musgrave
  • Ticketmaster
  • Toys “R” Us
  • Trespass
  • Uncle Sam Orders Airlines Make Websites Accessible To Disabled Passengers – Roberto Castiglioni
  • United Airlines
  • Universities Under Investigation for Poor Website Accessibility – Halona Black and Natalie Schwartz
  • University of Califorina
  • University of Cincinnati
  • University of Colorado
  • University of Kentucky
  • University of Louisville
  • University of Maryland
  • University of Montana
  • University of Phoenix
  • University of Virginia, Darden School of Business
  • Venice Reached Agreement on ADA Suit over Website Access – Earle Kimel
  • Vero Beach, Florida Settlement Agreement
  • Washington Office of Superintendent of Public Instruction
  • Washoe County School District
  • Web
    Accessibility Law in Higher Education
    – Jonathan
  • Weight Watchers
  • Wellpoint
  • What You Can Learn from Major Accessibility Lawsuits – Samantha Sauld
  • When the DOJ/OCR Makes a Visit – Lessons Learned in Resolving Complaints About Inaccessible IT (Video) – 3Play Media
  • Whisper Lounge
  • Wind Creek Bethlehem Casino
  • Wineries
  • White
  • Winn-Dixie
  • Why Using Wix and GoDaddy Increases Your Lawsuit Risk – Sheri Byrne-Haber
  • Why You Don’t Want to be a Test Case and How to Stop Serial Website Plaintiffs – William Goren
  • Xerox Corporation. and Conduent, Inc.
  • Yakima County, Washington Settlement Agreement
  • Youngstown State University
  • Your Inaccessible Website is a Sitting Duck – Fastspot
  • Lists

    Low Vision



    Audio Description
    Streaming (live or real-time)
    Multimedia Related Info

    Open Source

    Plugins, PDF, PowerPoint, Documents etc.

    Relative sizing


    Social Inclusion

    Structure & Semantics

    Style Sheets (Accessibility)


    Testing, Checking, Validating

    Text Alternatives and Text

    Text Links: “Click Here” don’t use

    Text Only Versions

    Title Attributes

    Title Elements


    Tutorials and Handbooks

    Usability and Accessibility

    Vestibular Disabilites/Animation

    WCAG 2.1



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